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Menopause is a normal biological process experienced by aging women, where menstrual periods take a permanent break. So naturally, the level of female hormones fluctuates during or even before menopause. This can lead to symptoms like pain during sexual intercourse, night sweats, and hot flashes. These symptoms are mild to some women, and they can vanish on their own. On the other hand, some women are recommended to take hormone replacement therapy medication to treat these symptoms. This hormonal therapy also protects you against diseases like colorectal cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and osteoporosis.
This article gives you an in-depth knowledge of hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
Defining Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT)
Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) or hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a form of treatment containing women’s body hormones that the body stops producing after menopausal. As a result, HRT therapy is used to treat every kind of symptom arising in menopause. Menopausal symptoms occur in two ways depending on the type of menopause experienced, including premature and early menopause. Premature menopause occurs when a woman’s periods stop before 40. On the other hand, early menopause is when the menstruation period stops before 45 years. In these two cases, hormone therapy is highly recommended until one attains a median age of around 51 years.
Risks Associated with Hormone Replacement
Menopausal hormone therapy is an effective therapy type for menopause symptoms. In women with severe symptoms, the assistance of using hormone therapy outweighs the risks. The primary role of using menopausal hormone therapy is to control aggravating menopausal symptoms at the lowest effective dose for the shortest time. Therefore, it is advisable to use this therapy based on an individual’s needs and assessment.
Benefits of Using Hormone Replacement Therapy
Lowered Chances of Mental Disorder
Loss of memory, problem-solving, and other cognitive abilities are critical enough to interfere with your daily endeavors. Interestingly, hormone therapy has been used for over 40 years to treat mental disorders like dementia. Maintaining hormones with a high level of MHT can protect brain structure and its functional system against brain diseases.
Reduction of Osteoporosis Risk
Hormonal therapy is used to treat, prevent, and manage osteoporosis in women with menopausal symptoms under 50. This therapy is also known for facilitating bone protection by reducing incidences of bone fracture in women taking MHT.
Improves Urogenital Affection
Studies show the MHT significantly improves sexual functions and dryness in the vulva. Hormone therapy also has an effect on the urethra epithelium and bladder, with the ability to relieve abnormal urinary frequency symptoms. Management of vaginal discomfort, vulvovaginal atrophy, and decrease in pH are also potential benefits of menopausal hormone therapy.
Relieves Hot Flashes
Taking estrogen is the most effective way to deal with the discomfort of hot flashes. If estrogen is proven to work for you, you can start taking it within ten years after your last menstruation period or before 60 years. But, you do not need hot flash therapy if it does not interfere with your daily life. In most women, hot flashes diminish gradually even without treatment.
Hormone Therapy Improves Sleeping Quality
Menopausal hormone therapy improves sleeping quality by aiding the process of falling asleep, lowering restlessness, alleviating sleep apnea, and controlling awakenings. Recent studies indicate lessened sleeping complaints among menopausal women using hormonal therapy.
Impact of Hormone Therapy on Quality of Life
A larger population of the global community is aging, with the world counting nearly a billion women above 50 years. Notably, 80% of these women experience menopausal symptoms, which is expected, being a biological process experienced by women in that age bracket. However, a quarter of menopausal women state that menopause diminishes their quality of life in different ways. This explains the lifelong value of HRT to women across every part of the planet.